This week Pakistan prepared to launch a measles vaccination campaign with Gavi support, whilst Colombia recorded its first measles case since 2015.

War-torn Yemen braced itself for a new cholera outbreak as the rainy season approaches. Meanwhile, Seth Berkley warned that the greater threat to people fleeing conflict is not bullets and bombs, but infectious disease

Whilst the Lancet discussed the need to move away from the oral vaccine to achieve polio eradication, research suggested a similar approach may be required for rotavirus. Elsewhere in research, a study finds that cervical cancer deaths could double across the Middle East unless countries begin to vaccinate young women.

In Nigeria, as the Lassa fever outbreak slowed, scientists predicted the possibility of a viable vaccine before the end of the year, and Bill Gates met with businessman Aliko Dangote to round up support and financing for immunisation.

In the US, there was a sigh of relief as threatened cuts to the Centers for Disease Control were not passed, and 2018 funding for international organisations like Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance was confirmed.

Immunisation also appeared in popular culture this week, as author Jonathan Quick asked if we are prepared for the looming epidemic threat, the BBC documentary Contagion! explained how an app collecting data could help stop the next pandemic, and ‘The Vaccine Race’ featured on the Wellcome book prize shortlist.